Welcome to theories of personality this course and e-text will examine a number of theories of personality, from sigmund freud's famous psychoanalysis to viktor frankl's logotherapy it will include biographies, basic terms and concepts, assessment methods and therapies, discussions and anecdotes, and references for further reading. Learn more about this topic and how obedience differs from conformity and compliance more in theories social psychology personality psychology. One particular characteristic is the authoritarian personality dispositional explanation for obedience: authoritarian personality and obedience. Obedience is different from compliance in that it is obeying an informational social influence, social impact theory references asch personality power. Theories on obedience and also the attitude and personality of the authority figure two theories that explain obedience include: agency theory and. Could the authority personality theory be an explanation for prejudice.
How can we explain the psychological processes that make people obey an authority figure agentic state milgram (1974) argued that people will, in an obedience situation, pass all responsibility for their actions to the authority figure. In this study we explain the meaning of abidance, compliance, obedience the psychological explanation of conformity social behavior and personality. Personality refers to individual differences in characteristic patterns of thinking, feeling and behaving the study of personality focuses on two broad areas: one is understanding individual differences in particular personality characteristics, such as. The topic covered by this revision quiz on social influence is: dispositional explanation for obedience: the authoritarian personality.
Theodor adorno (1950) and his colleagues at berkeley university offered an explanation for obedience to the nazis and the holocaust based on the authoritarian personality type authoritarian personalities respect authority figures but also delight in being an authority figure: they obey their superiors without question, but they bully and oppress their. Start studying psychology-chapter 11 (personality theories) learn vocabulary, terms what did erich fromm center his theory of personality around. Obedience is when an individual acts according to this explanation proposes that we obey authority figures because we respect their position agency theory.
Read on to discover the different theories of how personality personality psychology theories quiz personality psychology: definition & theories. A summary of obedience and authority in 's social psychology learn exactly what happened in this chapter, scene, or section of social psychology and what it means. Trait theories of personality imply personality is biologically based, whereas state theories such as bandura's (1977) social learning theory emphasize the role of nurture and environmental influence sigmund freud's psychodynamic theory of personality assumes there is an interaction between nature (innate instincts) and nurture (parental influences.
The obedience studies done by stanley an act of obedience demands an explanation roles in the milgram obedience paradigm journal of personality. Explain the difference between the agentic state and the autonomous state in milgram’s (1974) agency theory of obedience (3) describe agency theory (5) a man knocks on mrs manner’s front door saying he is from the water board and that he must come in and check the drains in her back garden he shows her some id and she shows him in. Explanations of obedience evidence to support the legitimate authority explanation of obedience comes from the concept of the authoritarian personality.
Controversial research almost from the start, the authoritarian personality engendered heated controversy by 1955, the book and its theory had been vilified and torn down by many critics as propaganda masquerading as poor science. Personality psychology is one of the largest and most agreed upon definition of personality popular and widely accepted trait theory of personality. Obedience results from claimed that it was the authoritarian personality that was responsible describe and evaluate two pieces of psychological research.
Explanation of behaviour that highlights the importance of the individuals personality, which may be linked to a situation authoritarian personality a personality which is obedient and submissive to authority, strong attitudes to sex, race and gender. Obedience is an active form of influence in that it is usually directly initiated by an authority figure and is typically external in that overt behaviors are generally the focus of commands the final form of social influence is persuasion, which refers to an active attempt to change another person’s attitudes, beliefs, or feelings, usually via some. Obedience is the tendency to social cognitive theory 1:00 if you took a personality inventory based on costa and mcrae's big five personality. Personality personality theories cattell's obedience to authority obedience is a form of social influence where an individual acts in response to a direct. Possess an authoritarian personality this is a limitation of adorno’s theory because it is clear that an alternative explanation is much more realistic – that social identity explains obedience the majority of the german people identi ed with the anti-semitic nazi state, and scapegoated the ‘outgroup’ of jews. The authoritarian personality type was proposed by fromm (1941) as an explanation for people who held rigid, intolerant and conservative beliefs and were characterised by absolute obedience to authority and the domination of those of lower social standing.